Suicide/Self-harm are the leading cause of injury-related death in Canada. (Economic Burden of Injury, 2009)
Suicide and Self-harm
Suicide is the act of deliberately killing oneself. Risk factors for suicide include mental disorder (such as depression, personality disorder, alcohol dependence, or schizophrenia), and some physical illnesses, such as neurological disorders, cancer, and HIV infection. There are effective strategies and interventions for the prevention of suicide. (www.who.int)
Self-harm, also called self injury and self abuse, refers to deliberate acts that cause harm to one’s body, mind and spirit. Examples include cutting the skin with razor blades or pieces of glass; burning and hitting oneself; scratching or picking scabs or preventing wounds from healing; hair pulling; and inserting objects into one’s body. Cutting is the most common form of self injury among today’s youth. In a broader sense, behaviours such as smoking, alcohol and drug addiction, bingeing on food and staying in an abusive relationship can also be considered forms of self harming. People who self injure may not be trying to kill themselves. Usually, they are not trying to end all feeling; they are trying to feel better.(www.cmha.ca)
Risk factors Mental illness, primarily depression and alcohol use disorders, abuse, violence, loss, cultural and social background, represent major risk factors for suicide. (www.who.int)
Prevention Restriction of access to means of suicide, such as toxic substances and firearms, identification and management of persons suffering from mental and substance use disorders, improved access to health and social services, and responsible reporting of suicide by the media are effective strategies for the prevention of suicide. (www.who.int)
Suicide Myths & Facts (www.cmha.ca)
1. Talking about suicide may give someone the idea.